Musical notes were decided based on a system called the diatonic scale, which originated in ancient Greece. This system consists of seven notes that span an octave, with the distance between each note determined by mathematical ratios.
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Musical notes were decided based on a system called the diatonic scale, which originated in ancient Greece. This system consists of seven notes that span an octave, with the distance between each note determined by mathematical ratios. The development of musical notation and the establishment of specific pitch standards have played a significant role in defining musical notes.
Interestingly, the process of determining musical notes has evolved over centuries, influenced by cultural, historical, and scientific factors. Here are some fascinating facts about the decision-making process behind musical notes:
Ancient Greek Origins: The concept of musical notes can be traced back to ancient Greece, where renowned mathematician Pythagoras made important contributions to music theory. He discovered the mathematical relationships governing the relationship between vibrating strings and musical pitch.
The Diatonic Scale: The diatonic scale, consisting of seven notes, provided the foundation for Western music. It is believed to have been used as early as the 6th century BC by Greek musicians such as Terpander and Pythagoras himself. This scale became widely accepted due to its pleasing harmonic qualities.
Pythagorean Tuning: Pythagoras introduced the concept of Pythagorean tuning, which is based on pure fifths and octaves. This approach is derived from the mathematical ratios between the lengths of vibrating strings to produce harmonious sounds. However, this system led to a problem called the Pythagorean comma, where a succession of pure fifths doesn’t exactly meet in the octave, resulting in a slight dissonance.
Development of Notation: Throughout history, various systems of musical notation emerged to represent specific pitches and rhythms, aiding in the transmission of musical knowledge. Among the early forms of notation were neumes, which provided basic symbols to guide singers in Gregorian chant during the Middle Ages. Eventually, these notational systems advanced to include staff notation, providing a more precise representation of pitch.
Pitch Standards: Establishing standardized pitch became crucial as musical instruments evolved and ensembles sought to achieve harmony. The need for consistent tuning led to the development of pitch standards, such as the tuning fork invented in 1711 by John Shore. Over time, different countries and periods adopted varying pitch standards, leading to discrepancies until the international standard of A440 Hz was widely accepted in the 20th century.
Renowned composer Johann Sebastian Bach once expressed the significance of musical notes, stating, “The aim and final end of all music should be none other than the glory of God and the refreshment of the soul.” This quote highlights the emotional and spiritual impact that musical notes, as defined by the diatonic scale, aim to convey.
To illustrate the relationships and intervals within the diatonic scale, here is a table showing the notes and their respective frequencies in Hertz (Hz):
In conclusion, the decision-making process behind musical notes is a fascinating blend of mathematical principles, cultural influences, and historical developments. From ancient Greece to modern-day standards, the understanding of musical notes has shaped our perception and enjoyment of music throughout the ages.
Further answers can be found here
The musical scale is based on our perception of frequency, and harmonic relationships between frequencies. The choice of 12 evenly spaced notes is based on the so-called circle of fifths. Frequencies that are harmonically related tend to sound good together.
See related video
In this video, the concept of why music only uses 12 different notes in Western music is explored. The 12-note system was chosen for its practicality and effectiveness in playing intervals that are pleasing to the human ear. The most important interval is the octave, which has a simple frequency relationship where the note doubles to go up an octave. Other important intervals include the perfect fifth and perfect fourth, which also have simple relationships between their frequencies. These simple relationships contribute to the consonance and harmony perceived by our ears. The 12-note system provides access to these crucial intervals and allows for musical expression. Alternative systems exist, but the compromise of 12 notes per octave offers the best solution for accessing consonant intervals while optimizing playability.
More interesting questions on the issue
Who decided the musical notes?
The founder of what is now considered the standard music staff was Guido d’Arezzo, an Italian Benedictine monk who lived from about 991 until after 1033.
How were music notes created?
The answer is: Around 1250, Franco of Cologne invented a system of symbols for different note durations, which consisted mostly of square or diamond-shaped black noteheads with no stems. In 1320, Philippe de Vitry built on his idea, creating a system of mensural time signatures for minims, crotchets and semiquavers.
How did music notes get their letters?
Response to this: The first person who wrote on musical notation book was a Roman philosopher called Boethius back in the 6th Century. Boethius was the first person to record the use of letters for notes and he used 15 letters of the alphabet to represent the musical notes. This became known as Boethian notation.
Who decided what middle C is?
The answer is: Scientific pitch was originally proposed in 1713 by French physicist Joseph Sauveur and based on the numerically convenient frequency of 256 Hz for middle C, all C’s being powers of two.
How did music notation start?
Response: So, composers began to introduce barlines, dynamic markings and performance directions – like this one: Is music notation still evolving? The 1950s saw the invention of graphic scores, which combine art and music in a sort of musical map, giving the performer a guide – rather than strict instructions – on how to play the music.
Why do we use 12 notes in music?
But when it comes to our familiar 12 notes, it’s not all about frequency – in fact, frequency hasn’t created this set of 12. We typically use just 12 notes in Western music because of the spaces – or intervals – between the notes. Pieces of music are familiar entirely because of these intervals.
What does Boethius say about music notation?
Answer will be: Roman philosopher Boethius scoured the Ancient Greek texts for snippets about music notation, and wrote about their system using letters for naming the notes of the scale. Writing in Latin, Boethius tells us that theletters from a to o (Roman letters) are used. "A" is the lowest note that a male voice can sing, and o is the highest.
Where are accidentals placed in musical notation?
In musical notation, accidentals are placed before the note symbols. Systematic alterations to the seven lettered pitches in the scale can be indicated by placing the symbols in the key signature, which then apply implicitly to all occurrences of corresponding notes.
How are musical notes identified?
Answer: Each musical note is identified based on specific frequency. Sound theory lays the foundation for naming different notes. For example, the musical note A4 has a frequency of 440 Hz.
How did music notation change in the 17th century?
The response is: The 17 th century sees a huge number of developments in music notation. Now thatcomposers can write down their musical ideas, their creative juices get flowing like never seen before. Imagine if Bach had not been able to notate his compositions!
How to learn musical notes?
Answer to this: To start the study, the first thing you need to do is to learn and memorise the sequence of musical notes. In this sequence, we will find seven simple notes, without any alterations. You will surely have heard of them before: If you have not yet memorised this sequence, take some time for this before moving on.
How many musical notes are there?
The seven musical notes may undergo changes. This means that we can either add or remove a semitone from them. When we do this, they become a flat (if a semitone is removed) or a sharp (if a semitone is added). The symbol used to represent a sharp note is the hash sign (#), while a flat is indicated by a stylized lowercase b, ♭.